image courtesy of flickr user Duncan


  • 43 CE

    Londinium established as a commercial centre. Roman Fort - The first planned structure in the City
  • 886 CE

    After decline King Alfred brings City to life again. It is refounded as Lunderburgh and it grouth accelerates with the arrival of the Normans
  • 1189

    The City has its own mayor. He plays a key role in city appearance and begins construction of the most famous incarnation of London Bridge
  • 1348

    The Black Death strucks London. During the 18 months it killed half of all Londoners – 40,000 people
  • 1571

    Royal Exchange - officially opened by Queen Elizabeth I who awarded the building its royal title and licence to sell alcohol
  • 1666

    The Great Fire of London was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of the city
  • 1667

    The First Building Act - all houses to be built in brick or stone. The number of storeys and width of walls are specified, streets to be wide enough to act as a fire break
  • 1694

    Bank of England is established. It is the central bank of the United Kingdom and the model on which most modern central banks have been based on
  • 1800

    The industrial Revolution. New machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved almost every aspect of daily life
  • 1801

    London Stock Exchange is founded in Paternoster Square. William Hammond lays the first foundation stone for the new building
  • 1863

    The First London Underground is opened. Soon it becomes a rapid transit system serving a large part of Greater London
  • 1940

    The Blitz (WWII) - Strategic bombing of London by Germany. More than one million London houses were destroyed or damaged
  • 1947

    After WWII Planning control is imposed, both on building operations and changes of use, and placed in the hands of City. London Green Belt was gradually introduced
  • 1960s

    Utopian Architecture begin to lead the belief that the power of architecture could change the future. Functionalist building such as the Southbank and Barbican centre are built
  • 1976

    Growth and deregulation of the financial markets. Planning policy in the Greater London Development began to allow transport related office development in the city
  • 1980s

    ‘Big Bang’. Huge open-plan trading floor offices starts to be developed in City and Greater London. Canary Wharf development is developed with planning exemptions
  • 1994

    City of London Unitary Development Plan (UDP) - the abolition of plot ratio controls in 1994 removed a quantitative limit on density of development, leading to greater variations in the amount of floorspace on individual sites
  • 2004

    Greater London Authority Act. London Plan - Mayor’s strategy which promotes tall buildings - leading to the arrival of Gherkin, Heron Tower & the Shard
  • 2008

    The Cross Rail project is approved. It will be 118km long railway which is largest infrastructure project in London
  • 2013

    Prime Minister David Cameron announces Old Street Roundabout development as the largest Tech City in Europe

Three Areas of Study

  • Tech City Map

    The Prime Minister David Cameron has unveiled a new Tech City Map plotting the 600 technology businesses in the East London area.
    Tech City Map, created by developers at Trampoline Systems and designed by Playgen, pulls in streams of social network data for all of the businesses in the area to help analyse their influence. The Tech City Map follows in the footsteps of Matt Biddulph’s original Silicon Roundabout map as well as Wired’s very own version, produced in 2009.

    What are the growth aspirations, property needs and location preferences of TMT occupiers in London?

    The London TMT survey provides investors and developers with an insight into TMT occupiers’ needs, wants and expectations. This gives you the knowledge and advice to provide functional, attractive, appropriately priced office space that will be fit-for-purpose for the TMT sector. It allows you to make the most of the opportunities that the TMT sector offers in this difficult market.
  • Key Market Opportunities

    - As TMT grows more new locations will be seen as the right place to be. If Shoreditch is the new Clerkenwell, we reckon Whitechapel could be the new Shoreditch.
    - It’s a good time to develop or forward fund London office buildings, as the TMT sector will be the catalyst for a large proportion of future take up.
    - Be realistic about future floorspace projections. If growth ends up being different to anticipated, better quality space is easier to sub-let if required.
    - The TMT sector will fill the gap left by financial services, giving investors, landlords and developers the opportunity to work more closely with them.

    Source: BNP Paribas Real Estate

    - London is an economic engine for the rest of the UK. The TMT sector operating in London enables £125bn of economic activity across the UK, which represents 8% of UK GDP.
    - TMT activity in London has led to £77bn of economic impact for the rest of the UK through the direct creation of economic activity as well as the enablement of other sectors within the economy.
    - Nearly half (46 per cent) of UK media jobs are in London
    - The sector supports over 440,000 jobs in London
    - TMT companies occupy 25 million square feet of real estate in central London and 13 per cent of office space.

    Source: Deloitte
  • Street Level View

    Street level and building disconnected by change of levels.
  • Upper Street Level View

    Isolated retail at upper level is disconnected to the ground.
  • Passage through the building

    This is the only small transversal passage that connects Bishopsgate to Exchange Square.
  • View to the Train Station tracks

    The vicinity with the 1812 beautiful Liverpool Street Station platforms could be an advantage for the site.
London Credits

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× Gensler – London

Tadas Pangonis
Akshay Sethi
Ben Minton
Hara Chang
Harry Cliffe Roberts
Trevor To
Valeria Segovia Trigueros
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